Inflammation is how the body acts toward an infection or injury. Inflammation should go away when you are healed. Inflammation does not pass in people with sarcoidosis. The cells that cause it stay and cause granulomas. It is not known why this happens. It may be due to genetics or the environment.
There may not be symptoms at first. Symptoms that happen depend on the organs that are involved. There may be:
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
- Breathing problems, such as shortness of breath and wheezing
- Chest pain
- Rapid heart beat
- Lightheadedness or vertigo
- Facial paralysis, such as Bell palsy
- Problems hearing, speaking, and swallowing
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You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done.
A biopsy may be done to look for granulomas.
Images may be taken to view your lungs and lymph nodes. This can be done with
- Chest x-rays
- CT scan
- PET scan
Other tests may be done to see how well your organs are working. These may be:
- Blood and urine tests
- Eye exam
- ECG—to test heart health
- Pulmonary function tests—to test lung health
- MRI scan—to test nervous system
There is no cure. Treatment is aimed at managing symptoms. Eye and lung exams will be needed to watch for changes over time. Treatment choices are:
These medicines may be used:
- Corticosteroids to ease inflammation
- Medicine to suppress the immune system
- Tumor necrosis factor antagonists to ease inflammation
- Antimicrobial drugs to treat skin problems
Organ transplant of the heart, lung, liver, or kidneys may be needed in people who are not helped by medicine.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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American Lung Association http://www.lung.org
Arthritis Foundation http://www.arthritis.org
The Arthritis Society http://www.arthritis.ca
The Lung Association http://www.lung.ca
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Sarcoidosis. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/sarcoidosis. Accessed July 30, 2019.
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