This health problem is caused by an injury to the brain, such as:
- Stroke —most common cause
- Head injury
- Brain tumor
- Brain infection
- Disorders that cause problems with the cells of the nervous system, such as Alzheimer disease
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Aphasia is a symptom of an underlying problem. It may cause:
- Speaking in short, broken phrases
- Putting words in the wrong order
- Using incorrect grammar
- Switching sounds or words
- Speaking in words that do not have meaning and do not make sense
- Problems finding the names for everyday words
Problems understanding speech:
- Needing extra time to process language
- Problems following very fast speech
- Taking the literal meaning of a figure of speech
- Problems reading
- Problems writing
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. Speech language, and communication tests may be done. This is often enough to make the diagnosis. You may also need to see a doctor who treats the nervous system.
Other tests may be done to find the cause of the aphasia.
The cause of aphasia will need to be treated. The goals of treating aphasia are to improve or maintain communication.
Speech and language therapy will be needed to:
- Restore lost skills
- Learn how to use existing skills
- Learn other ways to communicate
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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