Bunions are more common in women and older adults. They are also more common in people who have family members with bunions. Other things that may raise your risk are:
- Personal or family history of foot deformities
- Flat feet that put too much weight on the big toe joint
- Inflammatory joint problems, such as psoriatic arthritis and gout
Bunions may cause:
- Pain in the big toe and second toe
- Problems moving the big toe
- Redness and swelling
- A firm lump on the inside edge of the foot at the base of the big toe
The doctor will talk about treatment choices. They may be:
It is important to ease pressure on the bunion. This may be done with:
- Shoes that are wide and deep
- Shoe inserts
Prescription or over-the-counter medicines may be given to ease pain.
Surgery may be done if other treatments have not helped. It can remove the bony lump. The joint may also be realigned.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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