Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a thin sac that lies between bone and soft tissue. It can be found near some joints. A healthy bursa lets muscles and tendons move smoothly over bone. Bursitis is more common in the:
|Bursitis in the Shoulder|
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Bursitis may be caused by:
- Injury to an area that contains a bursa
- Repetitive stress on the bursa
- Infection in a bursa
- Long periods of pressure on a joint, such as leaning on elbows, sitting, or kneeling on hard surfaces
- Health problems that cause inflammation in joints, such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout
Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:
- Repetitive motions, such as swimming, running, or tennis
A job that requires:
- Repetitive motions, such as hammering or painting
- Long hours in one position, such as a kneeling to put down carpeting
- Contact sports
- Sporting gear that is too tight
- A puncture or deep cut that involves the bursa
The goal of treatment is to ease pain and promote healing. Choices are:
- Supportive care, such as resting the area and applying cold compresses
- Medicines to ease pain and swelling, such as:
- Over the counter pain medicine
- Physical therapy to promote strength, flexibility, and range of motion
People who are not helped by these methods may need surgery.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.org
Canadian Association of General Surgeons http://www.cags-accg.ca
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Bursitis. The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center website. Available at: http://wexnermedical.osu.edu/patient-care/healthcare-services/arthritis-rheumatology/bursitis. Accessed January 29, 2021.
Bursitis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/bursitis. Accessed January 29, 2021.
Elbow (olecranon) bursitis. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00028. Accessed January 29, 2021.
Hip bursitis. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00409. Accessed January 29, 2021.
Prepatellar bursitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/prepatellar-bursitis. Accessed January 29, 2021.
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