C Section



A cesarean birth (C-section) is the delivery of a baby through an incision in the belly wall.

Cesarean Delivery
Cesarean Delivery
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Possible Complications

Problems are rare, but all procedures have some risk. The doctor will go over some problems that could happen, such as:

  • Excess bleeding
  • Problems from anesthesia, such as wheezing or sore throat
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Damage to other organs in the belly
  • The need for more surgeries. Can include a hysterectomy, bladder repair, or repeat C-sections with future pregnancies

Things that may raise the risk of problems are:

  • Prior C-section birth
  • Prior surgery of the uterus
  • Abnormal placenta
  • Obesity
  • Smoking



This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Edits to original content made by Denver Health.

a (C-Section)

Click here to view an animated version of this procedure.


American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org 

American Pregnancy Association http://www.americanpregnancy.org 


Canadian Women's Health Network http://www.cwhn.ca 

The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org 


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (College), Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Caughey AB, Cahill AG, Guise JM, Rouse DJ. Safe prevention of the primary cesarean delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Mar;210(3):179-93, reaffirmed 2016.

Cesarean birth. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: https://www.acog.org/patient-resources/faqs/labor-delivery-and-postpartum-care/cesarean-birth. Accessed July 21, 2020.

Cesarean procedure. American Pregnancy Association website. Available at: http://americanpregnancy.org/labor-and-birth/cesarean-procedure. Accessed July 21, 2020.

Cesarean section. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/procedure/cesarean-section. Updated July 6, 2020. Accessed July 21, 2020.

Quinlan J. Cesarian Delivery: counseling issues and complication management; Am Fam Physician. 2015 Feb1;91 (3):178-184