Finger Dislocation

Overview

Definition

A finger dislocation is when a bone in the finger joint moves out of its normal place.

Dislocated Finger
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Causes

This injury is caused by trauma from:

  • A force that jams the end of the finger
  • Forcefully twisting or bending the finger
  • Forcefully bending the finger backwards

Risk Factors

Playing contact sports may raise your chance of this injury.

SymptomsandDiagnosis

Symptoms

Symptoms may be:

  • Swelling and bruising
  • Pain
  • A change in the way the finger looks
  • Problems moving the finger

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. You will be asked how the injury happened. An exam will be done that will focus on your finger.

Images may be needed of the injury. This can be done with an x-ray .

Treatments

Treatment

The finger bones will be moved back into place. A splint or tape may be used to hold the finger in place as it heals. Some people may need surgery for bones that cannot be moved back into place or the injury that is severe.

Prevention

This injury is due to an accident. It cannot be prevented.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Edits to original content made by Denver Health.

a (Dislocated finger; Dislocation, Finger)

RESOURCES

American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine http://www.sportsmed.org 

Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.aaos.org 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org 

When it Hurts to Move—Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://whenithurtstomove.org 

References

Dislocated finger. Sports Injury Clinic website. Available at: http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/wrist-pain/dislocated-finger. Updated July 20, 2019. Accessed September 24, 2019.

PIP joint dislocation. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:  https://www.dynamed.com/condition/pip-joint-dislocation  . Updated June 7, 2017. Accessed September 24, 2019.

Prucz RB, Friedrich JB. Finger joint injuries. Clin Sports Med. 2015 Jan;34(1):99-116.