A finger sprain is when a force pushes the bones of the finger apart. If the force is strong enough, the ligament comes apart. This can happen from things like:
- A blow to the finger
- An impact with an object or another person
- Falling on the hand
Problems may be:
- Pain and tenderness
- Swelling, warmth, or bruising around the finger
- Problems moving the finger
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. You will also be asked how you injured your finger. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on your finger.
It can be hard to tell a sprain from a fracture or dislocation. Pictures may be taken. This can be done with:
- MRI scan
Treatment will depend on the joint and how severe the injury is. The goal of treatment is to ease pain and improve movement. Choices are:
- Supportive care, such as rest, ice, a compression bandage, and raising the finger to ease pain and swelling
- Medicine, such as over the counter pain relievers
- Taping and splinting the finger to keep it in place as it heals
Surgery may be needed to repair a finger sprain if:
- A small piece of bone has been broken off
- A ligament is very torn
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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