Glomerulonephritis is damage to tiny filters in the kidneys. This makes it hard for the kidneys to remove waste and make urine. The waste then builds up in the body and leads to other health problems.
It may be sudden (acute) or happen slowly over time (chronic).
|Anatomy of the Kidney|
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The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. You may need to see a doctor who treats kidney diseases.
Blood and urine tests will be done to check kidney function.
Images may need to be taken of the kidneys. This can be done with an ultrasound.
A small sample of the kidney may need to be removed and tested. This can be done with a kidney biopsy.
Some people with the acute form may get better with time. Others may need treatment to keep the kidney working. This also lowers the risk of further injury. Treatment depends on the cause. Options may be:
- Stopping or changing medicines that are harming the kidneys
- Medicines to:
- Control problems that hurt the kidneys, such as high blood pressure and diabetes
- Manage problems caused by the condition, such as swelling, nausea, or feeling tired
- Treat infections
- Lifestyle changes, such as dietary changes, not smoking, and maintaining a healthy weight
- Dialysis to filter blood when the kidneys cannot
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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a (Glomerular Disease)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases https//www.niddk.nih.gov
National Kidney Foundation https://www.kidney.org
Health Canada https://www.canada.ca
The Kidney Foundation of Canada https://www.kidney.ca
Awdishu, L., Mehta, R.L. The 6R’s of drug induced nephrotoxicity. BMC Nephrol 18, 124 (2017).
Glomerular disease-approach to patient. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/approach-to/glomerular-disease-approach-to-the-patient. Accessed December 30, 2020.
Glomerulonephritis. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/glomerul. Accessed December 30, 2020.
Overview of glomerular disorders. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/glomerular-disorders/overview-of-glomerular-disorders. Accessed December 30, 2020.