Tubal Ligation

Overview

Definition

Fallopian tubes are tubes that lead from the ovaries to the uterus. A tubal ligation is a sterilization procedure to close the tubes.

Options to Close Tubes
Tubal ligation
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Possible Complications

Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Potential problems include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Adverse reactions to anesthesia
  • Damage to other organs
  • Ectopic pregnancy

Some factors that may increase the risk of problems include:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Previous abdominal surgery

SymptomsandDiagnosis

Treatments

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Edits to original content made by Denver Health.

a (Surgical Sterilization; TL; Tubal Sterilization; Sterilization, Tubal; Sterilization, Surgical)

RESOURCES

Office on Women's Health—US Department of Health and Human Services http://www.womenshealth.gov 

Planned Parenthood http://www.plannedparenthood.org 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Women's Health Network http://www.cwhn.ca 

The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org 

References

Peterson HB. Sterilization. Obstet Gynecol. 2008;111:189-203.

Sterilization for women and men. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq011.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130422T1556422204. Updated August 2011. Accessed February 24, 2016.

Sterilization for women (tubal sterilization). Planned Parenthood website. Available at: http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/birth-control/sterilization-women-4248.htm. Accessed February 24, 2016.

Tubal sterilization. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:  http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115331/Tubal-sterilization . Updated January 8, 2016. Accessed October 10, 2016.

Tubal sterilization. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/prevention-wellness/sex-birth-control/birth-control/tubal-sterilization.html. Updated July 2010. Accessed February 24, 2016.

6/3/2011 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance  http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115331/Tubal-sterilization : Mills E, Eyawo O, et al. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.e8.