The goal of treatment is to ease pain and improve movement. This can be done with:
- Supportive care, such as ice and rest
- Medicine to ease pain and swelling
- A pad to cushion the area under the toe
- Stiff-soled shoes or shoe inserts to keep the toe moving too much
- Physical therapy
A person with a severe sprain may need a walking boot or cast. Some people may need surgery. This is not common.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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a (Metatarsalphalangeal Joint Sprain; Sprain Big Toe)
American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation http://www.aapmr.org
Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.aaos.org
British Columbia Podiatric Medical Association http://www.foothealth.ca
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://coa-aco.org
Hossain M, Clutton J, et al. Stress Fractures of the Foot. Clin Sports Med. 2015 Oct;34(4):769-790.
Stress fractures of the foot and ankle. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/stress-fractures-of-the-foot-and-ankle . Updated March 20, 2017. Accessed May 12, 2020.
Turf toe. Foot Health Facts—American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.foothealthfacts.org/conditions/turf-toe. Accessed May 12, 2020.
Turf toe. Ortho Info—American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00645. Published June 2019. Accessed May 12, 2020.