The goal of treatment is to ease pain. Options are:
- Supportive care, such as mild soaps, cold packs, and using lubrication during sex
- Medicines to ease pain, such as:
- Topical medicines that are put on the skin, such as corticosteroids, estrogen, or anesthetics
- Antiseizure medicine
- Physical therapy to strengthen and relax the pelvic muscles to ease pain
- Counseling to learn how to cope with the pain
- Procedures, such as:
- Botulinum toxin injections
- Nerve stimulation
- Surgery to remove painful tissue
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org
National Vulvodynia Association http://www.nva.org
Canadian Women's Health Network http://www.cwhn.ca
Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
ACOG Practice Bulletin Summary, No. 224: Diagnosis and management of vulvar skin disorders. Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Jul;136(1):222-225.
Tam T, Levine EM: Female sexual dysfunction in women with pelvic pain. Semin Reprod Med 2018;36(5):1-7.
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Vulvodynia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/vulvodynia. Accessed October 15, 2020.
Vulvodynia. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development website. Available at: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/vulvodynia/Pages/default.aspx. Accessed October 15, 2020.
What is vulvodynia? National Vulvodynia Association website. Available at: http://www.nva.org/what-is-vulvodynia. Accessed October 15, 2020.