Umbilical Hernia Child
An abdominal hernia is soft tissue that has pushed through the abdominal wall. An umbilical hernia is an abdominal hernia through the belly button. They are common in newborns.
Most umbilical hernias will not need treatment. Some will require surgery. Immediate medical attention is rarely required.
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During pregnancy, the umbilical cord passes from the mother to the baby through a small opening in the baby’s abdomen. A weakness in the abdomen occurs when the muscles of the baby’s abdomen do not completely close after birth. The weakness can cause abdominal tissue to push through the belly button.
In most infants, an umbilical hernia will go away on its own as the baby develops. This is usually within the first few years of life.
Persistent small hernias that do not cause symptoms may not need treatment. You and your doctor will watch the hernia to make sure new problems do not develop.
Large hernias or those causing symptoms will require additional care. For example:
- Rarely, a loop of intestine becomes trapped in the abdominal wall. This may lead to a blockage of the intestine.
- Strangulation can also occur if the hernia is slowing or blocking blood flow. A strangulated hernia is a medical emergency.
These conditions may require surgery to place dislocated tissue back in place and close damaged wall.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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a (Hernia, Umbilical)
American College of Surgeons http://www.facs.org
American Society of General Surgeons http://www.theasgs.org
The Canadian Association of General Surgeons http://www.cags-accg.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Hernias of the abdominal wall. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gastrointestinal-disorders/acute-abdomen-and-surgical-gastroenterology/hernias-of-the-abdominal-wall. Updated June 2014. Accessed June 6, 2016.
Umbilical hernia in infants and children. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115363/Umbilical-hernia-in-infants-and-children . Updated November 16, 2013. Accessed June 6, 2016.