Mammogram

Overview

Definition

This exam uses low-dose x-rays to make a picture of breast tissue. The picture is called a mammogram.

Possible Complications

X-rays do not cause short-term health complications. But radiation doses may build up in the body over time. The more x-rays you have the more radiation there will be. This can raise the risk of some cancers or thyroid problems. The risk is higher in children and women who could get or are pregnant. Lead safety shields are used during x-rays. They help lower the amount of radiation to the body.

Pregnant women should talk to their doctors about the risks of having a mammogram.

SymptomsandDiagnosis

Treatments

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Edits to original content made by Denver Health.

a (Breast X-ray; Mammogram; X-ray of Breast Tissue)

RESOURCES

American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org 

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Breast Cancer Society of Canada http://www.bcsc.ca 

Radiology for Patients http://www.radiology-info.org 

References

Mammograms. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/detection/mammograms. Accessed October 16, 2020.

Mammography (breast imaging). Radiology Info—Radiological Society of North America website. Available at: http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=mammo. Accessed October 16, 2020.

Mammography for breast cancer screening. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/prevention/mammography-for-breast-cancer-screening. Accessed October 16, 2020.