Ingrown Toenail



Common causes are improper nail care and pressure or injury to the toes. This can make the nail curve and grow into the skin.

Risk Factors

Ingrown toenails are more common in people with family members who have them. Other things that may raise the chance of an ingrown toenail are:

  • Improper cutting or trimming of the toenail
  • Footwear that is too tight
  • Repeated pressure or injury to the toes, often during sports
  • Diabetes
  • Toenail fungus infections
  • Turner syndrome
  • Arthritis
  • Gout



Ingrown toenails may not cause symptoms at first. When symptoms occur, they may include:

  • Pain—sometimes severe
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Warmth


The doctor will ask about symptoms and past health. A physical exam may be done on the feet. This is enough to make the diagnosis.



Treatment depends on how severe the ingrown toenail is. It also depends on if the person has other health problems. Medical care is needed for those who have:

  • Fever
  • An ingrown toenail that is severe, not getting better, or getting worse
  • Diabetes
  • Circulation problems
  • Problems with the immune system
  • Other chronic health problems

People over 50 years of age should also talk to their doctor. General treatment options include:


It may help to:

  • Wear open-toed shoes or sandals. This reduces pressure on the toenail.
  • Soak the foot in warm water. Dry it fully.

Medical Care

Medical care may include:

  • Antibiotic cream or ointment
  • A splint to lift the corner of the nail from the skin
  • Surgery to remove the ingrown part of the toenail

If ingrown toenails happen often, or the ingrown toenail is severe, the doctor may:

  • Remove part of the toenail and apply medicine. This will stop that part of the nail from growing back.
  • Remove the entire toenail. This will stop the entire nail from growing back.


To help reduce the chances of an ingrown toenail:

  • Cut toenails straight across. Do not round the edges. The corner of the nail should be above the skin of the toe.
  • Wear shoes and socks that fit well. They should not be too tight.
  • Keep the feet clean and dry.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Edits to original content made by Denver Health.