The main risk factor that increases your chances of having ingrown toenails is having family members with ingrown toenails.
Other risk factors include:
- Improper cutting or trimming of the toenail
- Wearing footwear that is too tight
- Repeated trauma to the toes, often due to sports activities
- Fungal infections of the toenails
- Turner syndrome
You may be able to treat an ingrown toenail yourself if you catch it early. If the condition gets worse or does not improve, you will need to seek medical care. If you have diabetes, you must seek medical attention for any infection or wound involving your feet or toes.
It may be possible to care for the ingrown toenail. Some of the following may help:
- Wearing open-toed shoes or sandals to reduce any pressure on the toenail
- Soaking the foot in warm water and drying it thoroughly
Promptly seek medical care for an ingrown toenail if you have any of the following conditions:
- An ingrown toenail that is severe, worsening, or not getting better
- Age: over 50 years
- Circulatory problems
- A disorder of your immune system
- Any other chronic health problem
Medical care may be needed if the ingrown toenail does not respond to self-care. This may include:
- Topical antibiotics, such as a cream or ointment
- Using a splint to lift the corner of the nail away from the soft tissue of the toe
- Removing the ingrown portion of the toenail
If you repeatedly get ingrown toenails, or your ingrown toenail is severe, your doctor may:
- Remove a portion of the toenail and apply medication to the site to prevent that portion of the nail from growing back
- Remove the entire toenail so that the nail will not grow back
To help prevent ingrown toenails:
- Cut your toenails straight across and avoid rounding the edges. The corner of the nail should be visible above the skin of your toe.
- Wear shoes and socks that fit properly and are not too tight.
- Keep your feet clean.
- Keep your feet dry by wearing cotton socks and/or using foot powder.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society http://www.aofas.org
American Podiatric Medical Association http://www.apma.org
Calgary Foot Clinic http://calgarypodiatrists.com
Canadian Podiatric Medical Association http://www.podiatrycanada.org
Ingrown toenails. American Podiatric Medical Association website. Available at: http://www.apma.org/Learn/FootHealth.cfm?ItemNumber=1522. Accessed February 20, 2017.
Ingrown toenails. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/ingrown-toenails. Updated March 2014. Accessed February 20, 2017.
Zuber T. Ingrown toenail removal. Am Fam Physician. 2002;65(12):2547-2550.