Intestinal Pseudo obstruction
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is caused by problems with the muscles and nerves of the intestine.
This problem may be caused by conditions, such as:
- Taking certain medicines, such as opioids, narcotics, and calcium channel blockers
- Abnormal tissue growth
- Connective tissue diseases, such as scleroderma and lupus
- Neurological diseases, such as Parkinson disease
- Metabolic problems, such as diabetes
- Heart disease
Any underlying problems will need to be treated. The goal of treatment is to make it easier for foods and liquids to pass through the intestines. Options are:
IV feeding may be needed to lower the risk of malnutrition.
Medicines that are causing this problem may be stopped or changed. Medicine may also be given to:
- Lower the risk of bacterial infections
- Treat muscle problems in the intestines
People who are not helped by other methods may need colonoscopic decompression therapy. A colonoscope will be used to remove trapped air from the colon.
People with severe problems may need surgery. Part of the intestine may be removed.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
Copyright © EBSCO Information Services
All rights reserved.
a (Colonic Ileus; Ogilvie Syndrome; Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction; Acute Nontoxic Megacolon)
International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders https://www.iffgd.org
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases https://www.niddk.nih.gov
Bad Gut—Canadian Society of Intestinal Research https://www.badgut.org
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation http://www.cdhf.ca
Acute intestinal pseudo-obstruction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/management/prevention-and-management-of-postoperative-ileus. Accessed September 15, 2021.
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/intestinal-pseudo-obstruction. Accessed September 15, 2021.