Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase Infection
Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are enzymes made by bacteria. ESBL infections make it hard for some medicines to work. This can lead to serious health problems. Sometimes it can be fatal.
|The bacteria can travel to the intestines, causing a serious infection.|
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This problem is more common in Asia and Northern Africa. Travel to these areas raises the risk. However, it can happen anywhere. It is also more common in older people.
Other things that raise the risk are:
- Being in a hospital or nursing home for a long time
- Having a history of antibiotic use
- Having health problems such as:
- Frequent urinary tract infections
- Liver or kidney disease
- Being on a ventilator—to help with breathing
- Using a tube to drain urine from the bladder
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases https://www.niaid.nih.gov
Alberta Health Services https://www.albertahealthservices.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada https://www.canada.ca
Antibiotic/antimicrobial resistance. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance. Accessed February 5, 2021.
ESBL-producing enterobacteriaceae in healthcare settings. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/hai/organisms/ESBL.html. Accessed February 5, 2021.
Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/drug-review/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases-esbls. Accessed February 5, 2021.
Lee JH. Perspectives towards antibiotic resistance: from molecules to population. J Microbiol. 2019;57(3):181-184.