Eye Contusion

Overview

Definition

An eye contusion (black eye) is when blood vessels around the eye are damaged or broken after an injury.

Eyelid Contusion
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Causes

A black eye is caused by a being struck in the eye or nose.

Risk Factors

Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:

  • Playing sports such as basketball, football, hockey, and boxing
  • Certain jobs with a higher risk of eye injuries, such as manufacturing and construction
  • Being around violence
  • Taking part in fights
  • Not wearing a seatbelt

SymptomsandDiagnosis

Symptoms

The main symptoms is a black and blue or purple mark around the eye. There may also be redness, swelling, and tenderness or pain. The skin may turn yellow when it begins to heal.

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. You will also be asked how the injury happened. The eye will be examined. This is often enough to make the diagnosis.

More tests may be done to look for other problems from the injury, such as trouble seeing or a fracture.

Treatments

Treatment

Most black eyes heal on their own in about 2 weeks. The goal of treatment is to ease pain and swelling. Choices are:

  • Applying ice on the eye after the injury
  • Applying a warm pack on the eye after swelling has gone down
  • Taking pain relievers, such as acetaminophen

Prevention

To lower the risk of a black eye:

  • Wear eye protection when playing sports or doing work that may result in eye injury.
  • Avoid situations that may involve fighting.
  • Wear a seat belt when you are in a motor vehicle.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Edits to original content made by Denver Health.

a (Black Eye; Blunt Eye Injury; Ecchymosis)

RESOURCES

Eye Smart—American Academy of Opthalmology http://www.eyesmart.org 

National Domestic Violence Hotline http://www.ndvh.org 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Ophthalmological Society http://www.eyesite.ca 

Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca 

References

Approach to eye trauma—emergency management. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/management/approach-to-eye-trauma-emergency-management. Accessed October 21, 2020.

Eye injuries. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid%5Fsafe/emergencies/eye%5Finjury.html. Accessed October 21, 2020.

Romaniuk VM. Ocular trauma and other catastrophes. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2013 May;31(2):399-411.

What is a black eye? Eye Smart—American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: http://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/diseases/black-eye.cfm. Accessed October 21, 2020.