Nosebleeds can happen at any age. They are more common in children less than age 11. They are also more common in adults over age 50. Things that raise the risk are:
- Sinusitis, colds, and allergies
- A defect in the nose
- Bleeding or clotting problems
- Blood vessel problems in the nose
- Dry air
- Drugs, such as—blood-thinners, aspirin, and nasal sprays
- Cocaine use
Treatment depends on how bad the nosebleed is. Most nosebleeds stop within 15 minutes. Some nosebleeds are more serious. They need medical care. Options are:
- Pinching the nostrils for 15 minutes—until bleeding stops
- Nasal spray or packing
- Sealing off the blood vessel—if bleeding does not stop
- A nasal balloon—uses pressure to stop bleeding
- Surgery—if other methods do not work
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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a (Epistaxis; Bloody Nose)
American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery http://www.entnet.org
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians https://familydoctor.org
About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca
Canadian Society of Otolaryngology http://www.entcanada.org
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Nosebleeds. American Academy of Otolaryngology website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/content/nosebleeds. Accessed January 29, 2021.
Nosebleeds. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/nosebleeds. Accessed January 29, 2021.
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