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a (Laceration, Vaginal; Vaginal Tears; Tears, Vaginal)
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org
Women's Health—US Department of Health and Human Services http://www.womenshealth.gov
Health Canada https://www.canada.ca
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca
Perineal massage during pregnancy. American Pregnancy website. Available at: https://americanpregnancy.org/healthy-pregnancy/labor-and-birth/perineal-massage-pregnancy. Accessed August 24, 2021.
Perineal trauma and repair in labor and delivery. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/management/perineal-trauma-and-repair-in-labor-and-delivery. Accessed August 24, 2021.