Vaginismus is often a response to past sexual trauma or other painful events. In some women, the cause is not clear.
The main problem is not being able to have sex without pain. Some women may also have pain during pelvic exams or when inserting a tampon.
The cause will need to be treated. The goal is to ease spasms. Choices are:
- Learning about sex organs and how they work
- Mental health counseling to learn how to challenge negative thoughts
- Vaginal dilation exercises that use a woman's fingers or plastic dilators to stretch the vagina
- Kegel exercises to improve control over the vaginal muscles
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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