VD happens when brain cells die because they do not get enough oxygen. This is due to narrowing or blocking of the vessels that carry blood to the brain.
Problems vary from person to person. It depends on the part of the brain that is affected.
A person may have:
- Changes in memory, thinking, or acting that may get in the way of daily activities
- Problems controlling urine
- Problems walking
- Mood changes
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. Test may also be done to assess thinking abilities.
Blood tests may be done. It can rule out other health problems that may cause dementia.
Pictures may be taken of your brain and body structures. This can be done with:
- MRI scan
- CT scan
There is no cure for VD. The goal is to slow VD and improve quality of life.
Medicine may be given to improve thinking and function. Dietary supplements may also be used.
Underlying health problems will also need to be treated, such as:
- High blood pressure
- Heart arrhythmias
- High cholesterol
- Conditions that cause the blood to clot
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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