High Cholesterol in Children
High cholesterol is a higher than normal level of cholesterol in the blood. It is more common in adults but can happen in children.
There are two types of cholesterol. One is high density lipoproteins (HDL) or good cholesterol. High levels of HDL have been linked to a lower risk of heart disease. The second type is called low density lipoproteins (LDL) or bad cholesterol. High levels of LDL cholesterol can lead to blockages in the blood vessels. High levels of cholesterol can lead problems such as heart attacks and strokes in adulthood.
|Blockages in the blood vessels can lead to heart attacks.|
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Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:
- Having a family history of high cholesterol or heart disease, or stroke
- Having high blood pressure
- Having certain health problems, such as diabetes, kidney disease , and underactive thyroid
- Some medicines, such as steroids, isotretinoin (an acne medicine), beta-blockers, protease inhibitors, diuretics, and cyclosporin
The goal of treatment is to reach and stay at a healthy cholesterol level. This will lower the risk of future health problems.
- Eating a healthful diet that is low in fat and cholesterol
- Reaching and staying at a healthy weight
- Exercising regularly
Children with very high cholesterol and those who are at risk for heart disease may be given cholesterol-lowering medicine, such as statins.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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a (Hypercholesterolemia in Children)
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://www.heartandstroke.com
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