Hodgkin Lymphoma Child
Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer of the lymph system. The lymph system is a series of tubes and nodes that run through the body. It contains a fluid that helps fight infections and moves waste out of the body.
The cancer starts in a type of lymph cell called a lymphocyte. These cells spread throughout the lymph system. Eventually, the cells will make it harder for your body to fight infections. It is considered a treatable form of cancer.
|The Lymphatic System|
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Hodgkin is more likely to occur in males and people between the ages of 15-40 years, or over 55 years. Other factors that may increase your chance of Hodgkin lymphoma include:
- Family history of Hodgkin lymphoma
- History of Epstein-Barr virus the virus that causes mononucleosis
- Weakened immune system such as HIV/AIDS
- Exposure to certain chemicals, such as formaldehyde
Hodgkin lymphoma may cause:
- Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, groin, or chest
- Night sweating
- Unexplained fever
- Weight loss
- Decreased appetite
These symptoms can be caused by other less serious conditions. Tell the doctor if your child has any of these symptoms.
You will be asked about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your child's lymph nodes will be examined.
Your child's body fluilds and tissues may be tested. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
- Lymph node biopsy
- Bone marrow biopsy
Images may be taken of your child's body structures. This can be done with:
- CT scan
- PET scan
Treatment depends on the stage of the disease. The stage is determined by how far the cancer has spread and what organs are affected.
The healthcare team will work to make a treatment plan for your child. Treatment options may include:
Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. The drugs enter the bloodstream and travel through the body killing mostly cancer cells. With radiation therapy , radiation is directed at a specific area to kill the cancer cells. In many cases, both chemotherapy and radiation are used.
Surgery is not often used for Hodgkin lymphoma. It may be effective if the cancer is isolated to just one lymph node. Surgery will remove the affected lymph node.
Treatment and the cancer itself can damage blood and lymph cells. Transplantation will help the body rebuild these cells after treatment. Transplant options may include:
- Bone marrow transplantation —Bone marrow is removed, treated, and frozen. Large doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy are applied to kill the cancer cells. After treatment, the bone marrow is replaced via a vein. Transplanted bone marrow may be your child’s bone marrow that was treated to remove cancer cells or marrow from a healthy donor.
- Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation—Stem cells are removed from circulating blood before chemotherapy or radiation treatment. After treatment is done, the stem cells are then placed back into the blood.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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a (Hodgkin Disease—Child)
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
Leukemia and Lymphoma Society http://www.leukemia-lymphoma.org
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Lymphoma Foundation Canada http://www.lymphoma.ca
Hodgkin lymphoma. Leukemia and Lymphoma Society website. Available at: https://www.lls.org/lymphoma/hodgkin-lymphoma. Accessed March 10, 2016.
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114957/Hodgkin-lymphoma-HL . Updated July 29, 2016. Accessed September 29, 2016.