Hodgkin Lymphoma Child
The exact cause is not known. It may be a mix of genetics and an abnormal response to infection.
This problem is more common in males. It is also more common in people between the ages of 15 and 34 years or over 55 years.
Other things that may raise the risk are:
- A history of mononucleosis and Epstein-Barr virus infection
- Family history of Hodgkin lymphoma
- Having a weakened immune system from problems such as HIV/AIDS
A person with non-Hodgkin lymphoma may have:
- Painless swelling in the neck, armpit, groin, or chest
- Lack of hunger
- Weight loss
- Night sweating
- Itchy skin
The doctor will ask about symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on the lymph nodes.
Tests may be done to look for signs of cancer. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
- Lymph node biopsy
- Bone marrow biopsy
Images of the body may need to be taken to see if there is cancer in other parts of it. This can be done with:
- CT scan
- Positron-emission tomography scan (PET scan)
- MRI scan
Hodgkin's lymphoma in children has 4 stages. This describes how far the cancer has spread. Stages 1 and 2 mean the cancer has not gone far from where it began growing. Stages 3 and 4 means the cancer has spread in the body.
The goal of treatment is to get rid of the cancer. How this is done depends on the stage of the disease.
- One or both of these cancer therapies:
- Chemotherapy to kill cancer cells using medicines
- Radiation aimed at a specific area to kill cancer cells
- Surgery to remove a lymph node
- A bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplant to help the body rebuild healthy lymph cells
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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