This problem is more common in babies and older adults. Other things that may raise the risk are:
- Having a weakened immune system due to health problems like HIV
- Taking certain medicines, such as corticosteroids and antibiotics
- Poor nutrition
- Eating a diet rich in carbohydrates
- Wearing devices in the mouth, such as dentures
- Thumb sucking
- Endocrine problems, such as diabetes, Cushing disease, and thyroid issues
- Cancer and cancer treatment
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on the mouth. This is often enough to make the diagnosis.
If the cause is not clear, a sample of cells may be taken from the mouth for testing. This can be done with an oral swab, scraping, or rinse.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
Copyright © EBSCO Information Services
All rights reserved.
a (Oral Candidiasis—Adult)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov
National Foundation for Infectious Diseases http://www.nfid.org
Canadian Dental Association http://www.cda-adc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada https://www. canada.ca
Candida infections of the mouth, throat, and esophagus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/candidiasis/thrush/index.html. Accessed March 25, 2021.
Dentures. Mouth Healthy—American Dental Association website. Available at: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/d/dentures. Accessed March 25, 2021.
Lewis MAO, Williams DW. Diagnosis and management of oral candidosis. Br Dent J. 2017 Nov 10;223(9):675-681.
Oral candidiasis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/oral-candidiasis. Accessed March 25, 2021.