Certain bacteria cause the infection. You get it through contact with fluids from the body of a person who is sick. Some people don’t get sick. They can still pass it to others. The bacteria also pass to you when you use food or drinks tainted with sewage.
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When you travel to places where typhoid is common:
- Talk to your doctor about getting the vaccine before you leave.
- Don’t use local water unless you know it’s safe.
- Eat foods that are cooked through and hot.
- Don’t eat raw or undercooked shellfish.
- Don’t eat raw fruits or vegetables that don’t have a peel.
- Don’t eat or drink unpasteurized dairy.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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a (Enteric Fever; Paratyphoid Fever)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov
World Health Organization http://www.who.int
Public Health Agency of Canada https://www.canada.ca
Travel and Tourism—Government of Canada https://travel.gc.ca
Bhan MK, Bahl R, Bhatnagar S. Typhoid and paratyphoid fever. Lancet. 2005;366(9487):749-762.
Bui YG, Trépanier S, Milord F, et al. Cases of malaria, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever Among VFRs, Quebec (Canada). J Travel Med. 2011;18(6):373-378.
Enteric fever (typhoid and paratyphoid fever). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114546/Enteric-fever-typhoid-and-paratyphoid-fever . Updated February 5, 2018. Accessed May 24, 2018.
Johnson KJ, Gallagher NM, Mintz ED, et al. From the CDC: new country-specific recommendations for pre-travel typhoid vaccination. J Travel Med. 2011;18(6):430-433.
Typhoid fever. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/typhoid-fever/index.html. Updated July 18, 2016. Accessed May 24, 2018.
Typhoid fever. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious-diseases/gram-negative-bacilli/typhoid-fever. Updated April 2018. Accessed May 24, 2018.
Typhoid VIS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/typhoid.html. Updated June 18, 2013. Accessed May 24, 2018.