Farsightedness

Overview

Definition

People with farsightedness have a hard time seeing close objects. Images are blurred. In severe cases, they can have trouble seeing objects both far and near.

Causes

With farsightedness, the shape of the eye does not bend light correctly. The eyeball is too short for light rays to clearly focus on the retina.

It may also be caused by a problem with the shape of your cornea or lens.

Interior of the Eye
eye anatomy 2
Light rays are precisely focused on the retina (orange) in good vision.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Risk Factors

You are more likely to be farsighted if others in your family have same visions problems.

SymptomsandDiagnosis

Symptoms

Symptoms may include:

  • Difficulty focusing on objects up close
  • Blurred vision
  • Headache
  • Eyestrain

Young adults with farsightedness often do not have symptoms. However, they may need reading glasses at an earlier age than others.

Diagnosis

A specialist will ask about your symptoms and past health. You will be given an eye exam. This will help rule out any other issues. Your vision will be tested with various lenses. This will help to see how affected the vision is.

Treatments

Treatment

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options include:

Corrective Lenses

Eyeglasses or contact lenses can return your vision to normal or near normal. Your prescription may change over time. It is important to go to regular eye exams. The wrong prescription will decrease your ability to see well and may cause headaches.

Refractive Surgery

This type of surgery can changes the shape of the eye. It will improve the eye's ability to focus light. It is not an appropriate options for everyone. Many of these procedures are done using lasers.

Prevention

There are no current guidelines to prevent farsightedness.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Edits to original content made by Denver Health.

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RESOURCES

American Academy of Ophthalmology http://www.aao.org 

National Eye Institute http://www.nei.nih.gov 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Ophthalmological Society http://www.eyesite.ca 

Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca 

References

Facts about hyperopia. National Eye Institute website. Available at: http://www.nei.nih.gov/health/errors/hyperopia.asp. Updated July 2016. Accessed December 27, 2018.

Farsightedness: hyperopia treatment. American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: http://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/diseases/hyperopia-treatment.cfm. Updated May 10, 2014. Accessed December 27, 2018.

Hyperopia (farsightedness). American Optometric Association website. Available at: http://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/eye-and-vision-problems/glossary-of-eye-and-vision-conditions/hyperopia. Accessed December 27, 2018.

Hyperopia (farsightedness). University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center website. Available at: http://www.kellogg.umich.edu/patientcare/conditions/hyperopia.html. Accessed December 27, 2018.