A high fever is thought to trigger the seizure. The fever is most often caused by infections. Rarely, some may be caused by fever after routine immunizations.
A seizure often lasts a few seconds up to 15 minutes. It may cause:
- Convulsion—jerking or stiffening muscles
- Eye rolling
- Loss of consciousness
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
Febrile seizures go away as children get older. The goal of treatment is to manage the fevers that cause them. This can be done with medicines such as:
- Antibiotics to treat infection
- Medicine to lower the fever
- A rectal valium gel— may be used in children who have repeat seizures
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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