Claustrophobia

Overview

Definition

Claustrophobia is a fear of closed-in or small spaces.

Physical reaction anxiety
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Causes

The cause is not known. It may be a mix of genes and environment.

Risk Factors

Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:

  • Having other family members with the same problems
  • Having other mental health problems, such as anxiety

SymptomsandDiagnosis

Symptoms

Claustrophobia starts during the child or teen years.

Problems may be:

  • Sweating
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Fast breathing
  • Problems breathing
  • Shaking
  • Lightheadedness or fainting
  • Nausea
  • Feelings of dread or terror

A person may also:

  • Look for exit doors when in a room
  • Feel very nervous if doors are shut
  • Not use elevators, subways, or airplanes
  • Not travel in a car in heavy traffic
  • Stand near exit doors in crowded places

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. This is often enough to make the diagnosis.

Treatments

Treatment

Claustrophobia may go away on its own. Others may need treatment to manage the fear. Options are:

  • Mental health counseling, such as cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Medicines to help control feelings of panic

Prevention

There are no known guidelines to prevent this health problem.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Edits to original content made by Denver Health.

RESOURCES

American Psychiatric Association https://www.psychiatry.org 

Anxiety and Depression Association of America https://adaa.org 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Mental Health Association https://cmha.ca 

Canadian Psychiatric Association https://www.cpa-apc.org 

References

Anxiety disorders. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml. Accessed November 18, 2020.

LeBeau RT, Glenn D, et al. Specific phobia: a review of DSM-IV specific phobia and preliminary recommendations for DSM-V. Depress Anxiety. 2010 Feb;27(2):148-167.

Specific phobia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:  https://www.dynamed.com/condition/specific-phobia . Accessed November 18, 2020.

Treatment. Anxiety and Depression Association of America. Available at: https://adaa.org/finding-help/treatment. Accessed November 18, 2020.