Some causes are:
- Trauma from things like dust, dirt, or metal
- Poor or no protection for eyes during surgery
- Problems from wearing contact lenses , such as not cleaning them well
- Motor vehicle accident trauma
- A chemical or radiation burn
This problem is more common in people who wear contact lenses. It is also more common in men and people who are between 20 and 34 years of age. Other things that may raise the risk are:
- A history of trauma
- Not wearing eye protection for high-risk activities, such as working with metal
- Having dry eyes
- Bell palsy
Problems may be:
- Pain that may worsen when opening or closing the eye
- Red eye
- Sensitivity to light
- Eyelid spasms
- A feeling that something is in the eye
- Problems seeing
Most abrasions heal in 1 to 3 days. Large scratches may take up to 4 to 5 days to heal. A cool compress and artificial tears can help ease discomfort. Contact lenses should not be worn.
Treatment choices are:
- Removing any unusual object stuck in the eye
- Supportive care, such as a cool compress and artificial tears to ease pain
- Wearing a bandage contact lens to help a large abrasions heal
Medicines, such as:
- Antibiotics to prevent infection
- Over the counter pain medicine, such as ibuprofen
- Prescription pain medicine for people with a severe abrasion
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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