Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
PID is most common in women 15 to 29 years of age and sexually active. Other things that may increase the risk of PID include:
- Current STI or one in the past
- Sex with more than one person
- Sex with a man who has an STI
- Sex without a condom
- Having an intrauterine device (IUD) placed when STI is present
The doctor will ask about symptoms and past health. A physical exam will be done. The doctor may suspect PID based on symptoms and exam. An internal exam of the pelvis may be done. A sample of fluid from the vagina may be taken. It will be sent to a lab for testing. Other tests may include:
- Urine tests—to check for pregnancy or infection
- Blood tests—to check for signs of infection
Antibiotics can treat the infection. Sex partners should also get treated or the infection will continue. Hospital care may be needed if the infection does not clear with basic care.
PID can cause damage to pelvic organs if it is not treated. This can lead to problems with fertility, pregnancy, and cause long term pain.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
Copyright © EBSCO Information Services
All rights reserved.
a (PID; Salpingitis)
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca
2015 STD treatment guidelines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/. Updated January 25, 2017. Accessed October 4, 2019.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)—CDC fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/pid/STDFact-PID.htm. Updated July 10, 2017. Accessed October 4, 2019.
Pelvic inflammatory disease. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114793/Pelvic-inflammatory-disease-PID . Updated September 9, 2019. Accessed October 4, 2019.