Phimosis is a condition where it is difficult to retract the foreskin over the tip of the penis. This may be caused by the opening of the foreskin of the penis being too small, or the foreskin being too tight or stuck to the head of the penis.
|Foreskin of the Penis|
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The foreskin is connected to a newborn’s penis at birth. This called physiologic phimosis. As a child grows, the foreskin naturally separates from the head of the penis. In some boys, the foreskin does not separate. The reason why is not known.
In other cases, called pathologic phimosis, it may happen due to:
- Repeated forceful retraction of the foreskin
- Inflammation and swelling
Phimosis may improve with time. If treatment is needed it will be chosen depending on the cause of your phimosis. Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you.
Your doctor may advise medication that is applied to the area. Medication can help decrease swelling and loosen the skin.
If medication is not successful, a surgical procedure may be done. The foreskin may need to be partially or totally removed. This can be done with circumcision. Occasionally, small strands connecting the foreskin to the penis, called adhesions, can be removed.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
Canadian Paediatric Society http://www.cps.ca
Health Canada https://www.canada.ca
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