Abdominal Muscle Strain

Overview

Definition

An abdominal muscle strain is a partial or full tear of the small muscle fibers in the abdomen.

Causes

This problem may be caused by:

  • An activity that the muscle is not ready for
  • Excessive exercise
  • Improper technique while playing sports
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Sharply twisting the body
Abdominal Muscles—Side View
Abdominal muscle and pelvis
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Risk Factors

Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:

  • Playing certain sports, such as football or tennis
  • Previous strain or injury to the area
  • Muscle fatigue
  • Tight abdominal muscles

SymptomsandDiagnosis

Symptoms

Problems may be:

  • Pain that may be worse when sneezing, coughing, or twisting the body
  • Pain when touching the area
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling or bruising
  • Muscle spasms

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. You will also be asked how the injury happened. A physical exam will be done. This is often enough to make the diagnosis.

Treatments

Treatment

Most people get better in a few weeks. The goal of treatment is to ease pain and improve movement. This may be done with:

Initial Care

The muscle will need time to heal. Supportive care may include:

  • Rest to give the area time to heal
  • Ice packs to ease pain and swelling

Medicine may also be given to ease pain and swelling.

Physical Therapy

An exercise program will be created to promote strength, flexibility, and range of motion.

Prevention

The risk of this problem may be lowered by:

  • Using the right techniques when playing sports or doing things like lifting heavy objects
  • Stretching and strengthening the abdominal muscles
  • Resting when muscles are tired

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Edits to original content made by Denver Health.

a (Pulled Muscle in Abdomen; Strain, Abdominal Muscle)

RESOURCES

American Council on Exercise http://www.acefitness.org 

Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Physiotherapy Association http://www.physiotherapy.ca 

Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca 

References

Muscle strain (pulled muscle). Johns Hopkins Medicine website. Available at: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/orthopaedic-surgery/specialty-areas/sports-medicine/conditions-we-treat/muscle-strains.html. Accessed September 15, 2021.

Sprains, strains, and tears. American College of Sports Medicine website. Available at: https://www.acsm.org/docs/default-source/files-for-resource-library/sprains-strains-and-tears.pdf?sfvrsn=5b229fcf%5F2. Accessed September 15, 2021.