Causes may be:
Sudden twisting of the ankle, such as:
- Stepping on an uneven surface or in a hole
- Taking an awkward step when running, jumping, or stepping up or down
- Rolling onto the ankle when playing sports or exercising
This problem in more common in teenagers, young adults, and people who are active in sports. Some sports that may raise the risk are basketball, football, and ice hockey.
Other things that may raise the risk of this problem are:
- A prior ankle sprain
- Limited range of motion in the ankle
- Poor balance and coordination
- Poor muscle strength
Problems may be:
- Pain, swelling, and bruising around the ankle
- Ankle weakness
- Problems putting weight on the ankle, such as when walking or standing
The goal is to ease pain and improve movement. This may be done with:
- Ice and rest to ease pain and swelling
- An ankle brace to keep the ankle from moving as it heals
- Medicine to ease pain and swelling
- Exercises to stretch and strengthen the ligaments that support the ankle
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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