Acute cystitis is inflammation of the bladder. It is usually caused by an infection. There are 2 types are of acute cystitis:
- Uncomplicated—occurs in premenopausal, nonpregnant women, and in those with no other underlying conditions
- Complicated—occurs with underlying conditions; most cases of acute cystitis in men are considered complicated
|The Urinary Tract|
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Acute cystitis is most often caused by bacteria. Bacteria enter the urethra and travel into the bladder. The urethra is a tube that allows urine to pass from the bladder to the outside. Bacteria may come from the lower intestines, the rectal area, or skin. Occasionally, acute cystitis can be the result of medications or trauma.
Acute cystitis is more common in women. Other factors that may increase your risk of uncomplicated cystitis include:
- History of acute cystitis
- Sexual activity
- Barrier methods of birth control—use of diaphragm or condoms coated with spermicide
Factors that increase your risk of complicated cystitis include:
- Using a urinary catheter
- History of childhood urinary tract infection
- Compromised immune system
- Diabetes, type 1 or type 2
- Abnormalities of urinary system, such as kidney stones or kidney transplant
- Enlarged prostate
- Birth control devices—use of diaphragm or with spermicide
- Trouble emptying your bladder
Symptoms may include:
- Frequent and urgent need to urinate
- Passing only small amounts of urine
- Pain in your abdomen, pelvic area, or lower back
- Burning sensation during urination
- Leaking urine
- Increased need to get up at night to urinate
- Cloudy, bad-smelling urine
- Blood in your urine
- Low-grade fever
Here are some steps you can take to keep bacteria out of your urinary tract:
- Drink plenty of liquids.
- Include cranberry juice in your diet. Some studies support the use of cranberry juice to prevent urinary tract infections.
- Urinate when you have the urge. Do not resist it.
- Empty your bladder before and after sexual intercourse.
- Wash your genitals daily.
- If you're a woman, always wipe from the front to the back after having a bowel movement.
- Avoid using douches and feminine hygiene sprays.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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a (Bladder Infection)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases http://www.niddk.nih.gov
Urology Care Foundation http://www.urologyhealth.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
The Kidney Foundation of Canada http://www.kidney.ca
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