Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Overview

Definition

Schizotypal personality disorder is a pattern of odd beliefs and behaviors. People with this condition often have problems making and keeping friends. They may also have problems at work or school.

Causes

The cause of this condition is not clear. It is likely due to genes and environment.

Frontal Lobe of the Brain
Frontal lobe
Although the cause of personality disorders is not clear, it is believed that the frontal lobe is where personality and impulses arise.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Risk Factors

Schizotypal personality disorder is more common in men. However, women can also have it. The risk may be higher in those with relatives who have schizophrenia.

SymptomsandDiagnosis

Symptoms

Symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder may be:

  • Feeling uneasy with people
  • Problems forming relationships
  • Odd speech, dress, and grooming
  • 'Magical' thinking—having special powers
  • Odd or paranoid thoughts
  • Problems showing some emotions
  • Talking to self

Diagnosis

A mental health provider will ask about symptoms, health, and mental health. Mental health assessments will be done. The results will be used to confirm a diagnosis.

Treatments

Treatment

The goal is to treat the disorder. Other mental health problems may also need to be treated. Options may be:

  • Counseling—to help with coping
  • Group therapy—to help with social skills
  • Medicine—to treat thinking problems

Prevention

There are no guidelines to prevent schizotypal personality disorder.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Edits to original content made by Denver Health.

RESOURCES

Mental Health America http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net 

National Institute of Mental Health https://www.nimh.nih.gov 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Psychiatric Association https://www.cpa-apc.org 

Canadian Psychological Association https://cpa.ca 

References

Apthorp D, Bolbecker AR, et al. Postural sway abnormalities in schizotypal personality disorder. Schizophr Bull. 2019;45(3):512-521.

Cluster A personality disorders. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/overview-of-cluster-a-personality-disorders. Accessed March 11, 2021.

Personality disorder. Mental Health America website. Available at: http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/conditions/personality-disorder. Accessed March 11, 2021.

Schizotypal personality disorder. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at:http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/psychiatric-disorders/personality-disorders/schizotypal-personality-disorder. Accessed March 11, 2021.