Schizotypal Personality Disorder
It is not clear what causes personality disorders, but it is likely a combination of genetic factors and a person's environment.
|Frontal Lobe of the Brain|
|Although the cause of personality disorders is not clear, it is believed that the frontal lobe is where personality and impulses arise.|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Schizotypal personality may cause:
- Detachment from social relationships and difficulty forming relationships
- Limited range of emotional expression
- Odd or eccentric speech, dress, and grooming
- Unusual style of communication
- Illusions and alterations in perception
- 'Magical' thinking
- Peculiar, outlandish, or paranoid ideas or beliefs
- Social anxiety
- Talking to self
You will likely be referred to a psychiatrist or other mental health professional who will ask you about your symptoms and mental and medical health history. A diagnosis will be made after a complete psychiatric assessment that rules out other disorders such as schizophrenia , dissociative disorders, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder , or other personality disorders.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options include:
Counseling is often beneficial for people with schizotypal personality disorder. Counseling sessions focus on helping you gain insight into your personality disorder and changing your behavior.
Currently there is no medication available specifically for this condition. However, in some cases antipsychotic medications may be used to help treat distorted thinking.
Other treatments, such as group therapy and social skills training, can help you to manage symptoms.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
Copyright © EBSCO Information Services
All rights reserved.
Mental Health America http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net
National Institute of Mental Health https://www.nimh.nih.gov
Canadian Psychiatric Association https://www.cpa-apc.org
Canadian Psychological Association https://cpa.ca
Personality disorder. Mental Health America website. Available at: http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/conditions/personality-disorder. Accessed January 31, 2018.
Schizotypal personality disorder. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at:http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/psychiatric-disorders/personality-disorders/schizotypal-personality-disorder. Updated January 2016. Accessed January 31, 2018.