A stomach polyp is a growth in the lining of the stomach. There are many different types of polyps based on location and how they grow. Most of these polyps are not associated with cancer, but some may eventually become cancerous.
Common types of polyps include:
- Hyperplastic polyps—most common type of polyps.
- Fundic gland polyps—occur in the upper part of the stomach
- Adenoma—least common, but most likely to later become stomach cancer
Most stomach polyps are more likely to occur in older adults. Other factors that may increase your risk of stomach polyps include:
- Certain infections such as H. pylori infection
- Pernicious anemia
- Gastric ulcers
- Prior stomach surgery
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Long term use of medication that decreases acid in the stomach—called proton pump inhibitors
- Family history
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Most stomach polyps will not need treatment. Small polyps that may have a risk of cancer will be observed but may not need to be removed.
Polyps that cause symptoms may need treatment. They may be managed with medication or surgery. The specific treatment will depend on the size, number, and type of polyps.
Antibiotics may be recommended to help reduce the size of the polyps.
Large polyps or polyps with high risk of cancer development may be surgically removed. Surgical options include:
- Endoscopy—removal with a scope that is inserted through the mouth
- Gastrostomy—removal using an incision in the stomach wall to remove large polyps
- Partial gastrectomy—partial removal of the stomach to remove multiple polyps
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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a (Gastric Polyps)
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