January 01, 2017
Learn more about various contraceptive methods.
|Type||Typical Use||Perfect Use||How Does it Work?||Advantages||Disadvantages|
|92%||99.7%||Prevents the release of an egg from the ovary. Thickens cervical mucous to prevent fertilization.||May decrease menstrual cramps and flow. May be used continuously. Many combinations. Rapid return to fertility.||*You must take the pill at the same time every day. Certain medical conditions prevent some women from using pills.|
|The-Patch||92%||99.7%||May decrease menstrual cramps and flow. Convenient WEEKLY dosing. Rapid return to fertility.||*Certain medical conditions prevent some women from using this method. Expensive if not covered by your insurance, available only at outside pharmacies.|
|92%||99.5%||May decrease menstrual cramps and flow. Convenient MONTHLY dosing. Rapid return to fertility.||*Certain medical conditions prevent some women from using this method. Placed and removed by the patient into the vagina once a month. May increase vaginal discharge.|
|Progestin Only Pills||92%||99.5%||Thickens cervical mucous to prevent fertilization.||Can be used while breast feeding and with certain medical conditions.||*Requires punctual dosing. Causes spotting or no bleeding. Less effective than combined birth control pills.|
|97%||99.7%||Prevents the release of an egg from the ovary. Thickens cervical mucous to prevent fertilization.||No period or cramping for the majority of women. Convenient dosing every 3 months. Very private dosing method.||*May cause irregular bleeding or spotting. Requires an injection every 3 months. May delay fertility for up to 18 months after last injection. 5 lbs. weight gain in many women in first year.|
|99.2%||99.4%||Spermicidal. Prevents fertilization.||Hormone free. May be used for up to 10 years. Rapid return to fertility after removal.||*Inserted and removed by health care provider. May increase the amount of menstrual flow, duration and cramps.|
|Hormonal IUD||99.9%||99.9%||Thickens cervical mucous to prevent fertilization.||Contains the hormone Progestin. Decreases menstrual flow and
cramps in most users. May be used for up to 3-5 years depending on brand. Rapid return to fertility after removal.
|*Inserted and removed by health care provider. May cause irregular bleeding for the first 6 months of use. Light menses after 6 months.|
|99.5%||99.5%||Interruption of the fallopian tube. Prevents fertilization.||Provides lifelong contraception that is convenient and irreversible. Hormone free.||*Surgical procedure that is permanent and irreversible. Requires recovery time. Availability depends on insurance.|
|Essure||99.8%||99.8%||A micro insert is placed in the fallopian tube, blocking it, resulting in sterilization.||PERMANENT and IRREVERSIBLE. No incision or general anesthesia required for placement. Hormone free. Rapid recovery time after placement.||*PERMANENT and IRREVERSIBLE. Requires a back up method of birth control for 3 months after placement until the tubes are proven to be blocked by a radiological procedure.|
|Condoms||85%||97%||Barrier method. Sperm does not enter vagina.||Hormone free. No prescription required. Protects against some STDs. Inexpensive.||High failure rate. Decrease in sexual spontaneity. A new condom must be used every time.|
|Nexplanon||99%||99%||Single rod implanted in the upper arm. Inhibits ovulation and thickens cervical mucous.||Contains the hormone progestin. Once it is placed it provides birth control for three years. Convenient dosing.||Must be placed and removed by your health care provider. May cause irregular bleeding and spotting.|
*Does Not Protect Against Sexually Transmitted Infections.